# Young's Modulus

The modulus of elasticity is the slope of the initial, linear-elastic part of the stress-strain diagram.

 where E = Young's modulus [Nm-2] F = applied load [N] A = cross-sectional area [m2] x = extension [m] L = original length [m] Enter values into 4 of the 5 fields. The others will be calculated.

Young′s modulus is approximately equal to compressive modulus of elasticity within the proportional limit.

For isotropic materials it is related to the bulk modulus K and to the shear modulus G by

where
ν = Poisson's ratio
K = bulk modulus [Nm-2]
G = shear modulus [Nm-2]

Commonly ν = 1/3, and hence E = K, and E = (8/3)G.
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 Aluminium 70000000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium 1050 69000000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium 1100 68000000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium 1199 62000000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium 2024 73000000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium 3003 69500000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium 4000 series 81500000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium 5005 68200000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium 6061 69000000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium 6063 69500000000 Nm-2 Clip Aluminium Oxide 2.8E11 to 3.7E11 Nm-2 Clip Ash 9E9 to 12E9 Nm-2 Clip Beech 12000000000 Nm-2 Clip Birch 13000000000 Nm-2 Clip Bismuth 32000000000 Nm-2 Clip Bone 28000000000 Nm-2 Clip Brass 100000000000 Nm-2 Clip Bronze 96E+09 to 120E+09 Nm-2 Clip Cast Iron 83E+09 to 170E+09 Nm-2 Clip Cedar 7600000000 Nm-2 Clip Chestnut 8300000000 Nm-2 Clip Concrete 14000000 Nm-2 Clip Copper 110E+09 to 120E+09 Nm-2 Clip Ebony 19000000000 Nm-2 Clip Elm 9E9 to 10E9 Nm-2 Clip Fir 11E9 to 13E9 Nm-2 Clip Fused Silica 73100000000 Nm-2 Clip Glass 80000000000 Nm-2 Clip Gold 71000000000 Nm-2 Clip Graphene 500000000 Nm-2 Clip Graphite 170E9 to 340E9 Nm-2 Clip Inconel 214000000000 Nm-2 Clip Iron 110e9 to 206e9 Nm-2 Clip Larch 12000000000 Nm-2 Clip Magnesium 41000000000 Nm-2 Clip Magnesium Oxide 207000000000 Nm-2 Clip Mahogany 10000000000 Nm-2 Clip Mild Steel 210000000000 Nm-2 Clip Monel 170000000000 Nm-2 Clip Nickel 210000000000 Nm-2 Clip Nylon 2E9 to 3.5E9 Nm-2 Clip Oak 11E9 to 12E9 Nm-2 Clip Phenolic Resin 3000000000 Nm-2 Clip Pine 8.3e9 to 12e9 Nm-2 Clip Platinum 150000000000 Nm-2 Clip Polycarbonate 2000000000 to 2400000000 Nm-2 Clip Polymethyl Methacrylate Resin 4000000000 Nm-2 Clip Polystyrene 3100000000 Nm-2 Clip Polyvinyl Chloride 2.9 to 3.4e9 Nm-2 Clip Poplar 10000000000 Nm-2 Clip Pyrex Glass 62000000000 Nm-2 Clip Quartz 7.65e10 to 9.72e10 Nm-2 Clip Silver 70000000000 Nm-2 Clip Silver Bromide 31970000000 Nm-2 Clip Sodium Chloride 39980000000 Nm-2 Clip Sodium I Fluoride 79010000000 Nm-2 Clip Stainless Steel 303 193000000000 Nm-2 Clip Stainless Steel 304 190000000000 Nm-2 Clip Steel 210000000000 Nm-2 Clip Steel EN1A 1.9E11 to 2.1E11 Nm-2 Clip Titanium 110000000000 Nm-2 Clip Tungsten 3.40E+11 to 3.80E+11 Nm-2 Clip Walnut 11000000000 Nm-2 Clip Zinc Sulphide 74500000000 Nm-2 Clip<
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