Young's Modulus

The modulus of elasticity is the slope of the initial, linear-elastic part of the stress-strain diagram.

where
E = Young's modulus [Nm-2]
F = applied load [N]
A = cross-sectional area [m2]
x = extension [m]
L = original length [m]

Enter values into 4 of the 5 fields. The others will be calculated.

For isotropic materials it is related to the bulk modulus K and to the shear modulus G by


where
ν = Poisson's ratio
K = bulk modulus [Nm-2]
G = shear modulus [Nm-2]

Commonly ν = 1/3, and hence E = K, and E = (8/3)G.
Click on an item to paste into clipboard or use clipboard symbol at end to clipboard all values
Aluminium 70000000000 Nm-2Clip Aluminium 2024 73000000000 Nm-2Clip Aluminium 6061 69000000000 Nm-2Clip
Aluminium Oxide 2.8E11 to 3.7E11 Nm-2Clip Ash 9E9 to 12E9 Nm-2Clip Beech 12000000000 Nm-2Clip
Birch 13000000000 Nm-2Clip Bismuth 32000000000 Nm-2Clip Bone 28000000000 Nm-2Clip
Brass 100000000000 Nm-2Clip Bronze 96E+09 to 120E+09 Nm-2Clip Cast Iron 83E+09 to 170E+09 Nm-2Clip
Cedar 7600000000 Nm-2Clip Chestnut 8300000000 Nm-2Clip Concrete 14000000 Nm-2Clip
Copper 110E+09 to 120E+09 Nm-2Clip Ebony 19000000000 Nm-2Clip Elm 9E9 to 10E9 Nm-2Clip
Fir 11E9 to 13E9 Nm-2Clip Fused Silica 73100000000 Nm-2Clip Glass 80000000000 Nm-2Clip
Gold 71000000000 Nm-2Clip Graphene 500000000 Nm-2Clip Graphite 170E9 to 340E9 Nm-2Clip
Inconel 214000000000 Nm-2Clip Iron 110e9 to 206e9 Nm-2Clip Larch 12000000000 Nm-2Clip
Magnesium 41000000000 Nm-2Clip Magnesium Oxide 207000000000 Nm-2Clip Mahogany 10000000000 Nm-2Clip
Mild Steel 210000000000 Nm-2Clip Monel 170000000000 Nm-2Clip Nickel 210000000000 Nm-2Clip
Nylon 2E9 to 3.5E9 Nm-2Clip Oak 11E9 to 12E9 Nm-2Clip Phenolic Resin 3000000000 Nm-2Clip
Pine 8.3e9 to 12e9 Nm-2Clip Platinum 150000000000 Nm-2Clip Polycarbonate 2000000000 to 2400000000 Nm-2Clip
Polymethyl Methacrylate Resin 4000000000 Nm-2Clip Polystyrene 3100000000 Nm-2Clip Polyvinyl Chloride 2.9 to 3.4e9 Nm-2Clip
Poplar 10000000000 Nm-2Clip Pyrex Glass 62000000000 Nm-2Clip Quartz 7.65e10 to 9.72e10 Nm-2Clip
Silver 70000000000 Nm-2Clip Silver Bromide 31970000000 Nm-2Clip Sodium Chloride 39980000000 Nm-2Clip
Sodium I Fluoride 79010000000 Nm-2Clip Steel 210000000000 Nm-2Clip Steel EN1A 1.9E11 to 2.1E11 Nm-2Clip
Titanium 110000000000 Nm-2Clip Tungsten 3.40E+11 to 3.80E+11 Nm-2Clip Walnut 11000000000 Nm-2Clip
Zinc Sulphide 74500000000 Nm-2Clip<
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See also: Dynamic Modulus, Flexural Strength, Mechanical Properties, Secant Modulus of Elasticity, Shear Modulus, Stiffness, Strain, Stress, Stress-Strain Diagram, Torsional Modulus of Elasticity.

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