Tools Topics

Abney Level
Hand-held instrument in which angles of steep sights are measured while simultaneously viewing a spirit-level bubble.
Abrasive Cutoff Disc
Blade-like rotating disc with abrasive particles that cuts material in a slicing motion.
Abrasive Waterjet
System that uses high-pressure waterjets in combination with a slurry of fine abrasive grains to machine materials.
Abrasive Wheel
A grinding wheel composed of an abrasive grit and bonding agent.
Adjustable Bevel
A hand tool for marking angles.
Adjustable Spanner
A tool which has a fixed jaw and a movable jaw which is controlled by a spiral gear.
Adze
A woodworking tool with a sloping steel or iron blade square off a wooden handle.
Air Compressor
A device that provides a volume of air at a pressure above atmospheric pressure.
Air Hammer
A hammer that is powered by compressed air.
Aligning Punch
A tool shaped like a thin rod used to make sure holes line up when assembling two or more components.
Allen Key
A hexagonal shaped tool in cross section that is used to turn allen screws.
Angle Grinder
A handheld powered tool with a geared head at a right-angle on which is mounted an abrasive disc.
Angle Plate
A precision holding fixture made of cast iron, steel, or granite.
Angled Screwdriver
An angled screwdriver is useful when there is not enough space to get access to with a normal straight screwdriver.
Animal Glue
A mixture of animal by products rendered down and dried to a hard jelly like consistency.
Anvil
A heavy iron or steel block upon which metal is forged or hammered.
Arbor
A shaft or spindle for holding cutting tools; most usually on a milling machine.
Auger Bit
A drill bit used for drilling holes in wood.
Auto Level
A tripod mounted optical instrument that is used for obtaining levels in construction work.
Automatic Centre Punch
Allows one-handed operation by pressing down on the tool and a spring-loaded mechanism strikes a blow.
Awl
Pointed hand tool used for marking the centre of holes to be drilled in wood.
Axe
A tool with a long handle attached to a sharp blade and used for felling trees or chopping wood.
Ball Peen Hammer
A hammer with two ends on the head, one that is round and the other flat.
Ball Pien Hammer
A hammer with two ends on the head, one that is round and the other flat.
Band Clamp
For clamping round, oval and odd-shaped pieces. Consists of nylon band and ratchet mechanism.
Bandsaw
A power saw, the blade of which is a continuous, narrow, steel band having teeth on one edge and passing over two large pulley wheels.
Bar Clamp
A tool with a stationary head and a sliding foot for clamping purposes.
Beam Compass
A setting out tool that is used for scribing circles and arcs.
Bench Dogs
Pegs which go into holes in the top of a workbench that work with a vise to hold wide material.
Bench Grinder
A small grinding machine for shaping and sharpening the cutting edges of tools.
Bench Lathe
A small lathe mounted on a bench or table.
Bench Vice
A device attached to a bench with two jaws that can be moved parallel to each other and used to hold a workpiece.
Bent Nose Pliers
Pliers with bent jaws.
Bevel Edge Chisel
A woodworking tool with the side edges beveled used for general cutting.
Blacksmith Hammer
A special hammer for hitting and shaping heated iron.
Block Plane
A small plane designed for cutting across end grain.
Body Hammer
A hammer with a large flat pounding surface for removing dents.
Bolt Cutters
Cutters with strong jaws and long handles designed for manually cutting through thick steel bolts.
Boring Bar
Essentially a cantilever beam that holds one or more cutting tools in position during a boring operation.
Boring Machine
Similar to a turning machine except that the cutting tool, rather than the workpiece, rotates to perform internal cuts.
Bossing Mallet
A hammer with a pear-shaped wooden head used for shaping and stretching metal over a sandbag or wooden block.
Bow Saw
Ideal for pruning, landscaping work and sawing firewood.
Box Spanner
A hollow tube with a socket at each end and two holes through which a bar can be inserted to turn the tube.
Box Wrench
American name for a ring spanner.
Bradawl
A sharp tool for making small holes either through thin materials or into soft block materials.
Brass Hammer
A hammer with a brass head.
Brick Bolster
A wide bladed chisel designed for cutting bricks.
Bricklayer Hammer
A special hammer for chipping cement blocks and bricks.
Broach
A long, tapered cutting tool with serration′s which, when forced through a hole or across a surface, cuts a desired shape or size.
Broad Axe
An axe with a wide blade that is used for felling trees.
Buck Saw
Also known as a Bow saw.
Bumping Hammer
An hammer used with a dolly for restoring a panel′s shape.
Butt Gauge
A marking gauge specifically designed for hanging doors with butt hinges.
Button Cutter
Round insert that is able to spread the stresses generated by the cutting forces over a larger area than other insert shapes.
Caliper
A measuring instrument used to measure the distance between two points or the inside or outside dimensions of an object.
Carbide Tools
For cutting tools, tungsten carbide, titanium carbide, tantalum carbide or a combination of these in a cobalt or nickel matrix provides hardness, wear resistance and heat resistance.
Carpenters Axe
A tool with a flat metal blade fixed to a wooden handle used to hew and cut wood into rough shape.
Carpenters Brace
A hand tool used to drill holes, usually in wood.
Caulking Gun
A lightweight steel frame with a squeeze grip handle for applying a range of caulks, sealants and fillers that are marketed in tubes.
Centre Drill
A combined countersink and drill used to prepare work for mounting centres.
Chainring Nut Spanner
A special bicycle tool used to loosen the slotted nuts that fasten a chainring to a crankarm.
Chalk Line
A string line that is covered with powdered chalk that is stretched tight on a surface and flicked leaving a straight line of chalk on the surface.
Chemical Fastener
A glue designed to replace nails.
Chipping Hammer
A hammer used to remove the slag from weld seams.
Chisel
A metal hand tool with a sharp beveled edge. It is used to cut and shape wood, metal or stone.
Chuck
A device on a machine tool to hold the workpiece or a cutting tool.
Circlip Pliers
Pliers with a round bar at the end of each jaw that fit in the holes of a circlip so that it may be sprung open to fit or remove from the workpiece.
Circular Saw
A rotating disc, driven by an electric motor, with teeth around the circumference.
Clamp
A fastening device which secures something within its jaws without constant human pressure.
Claw Hammer
A hammer with a forked end on the head which is used for removing nails.
Club Hammer
A hammer with a short handle but a large, heavy head.
Cold Chisel
Tool made of tempered steel used for cutting ′cold′ metals.
Collet
A precision work holding chuck which centres finished round stock automatically when tightened.
Combination Spanner
A flat wrench with a hex ring at one end and an open end at the other.
Combination Square
A drafting and layout tool combining a square, level, protractor, and centre head.
Compass Saw
A handsaw with a thin blade designed for cutting holes in boards with a drilled hole as a starting point.
Compound Mitre Saw
A powered saw used to accurately cut straight, cross or compound mitres.
Compressed Air
Air at any pressure greater than atmospheric pressure.
Concrete Bullfloat
A large wooden or metal float on a long handle used in leveling and smoothing wet concrete.
Coping Saw
A small saw for cutting curves.
Copper Faced Hammer
A hammer with a round head made of copper or brass.
Cordless Screwdriver
A battery powered handheld screwdriver.
Countersink
To counter bore a hole such that the head of a screw may sit flush with the surface.
Cross Cut Chisel
Used for cutting grooves and slots.
Crosscut Saw
A saw for cutting across the grain of timber.
Crowbar
Circuit used to protect the output of a source from a short circuited load.
C-Spanner
A spanner whose end is shaped like a C, used to loosen the lockring on a bottom bracket of a bicycle.
Cutting Speed
The surface speed of the workpiece in a lathe or a rotating cutter.
Dial Indicator Gauge
Used to measure shaft runout or deviation from a nominal position.
Diamond Point Chisel
Used for cleaning out corners or difficult places and pulling over centre punch marks wrongly placed for drilling.
Die Stock
The frame and two handles which hold the dies used for cutting external screw threads.
Digital Caliper
A caliper with a digital readout. Able to measure inside, outside and depth.
Double-Ended Spanner
A tool which has a hexagon ring at each end.
Dovetail Saw
A saw designed for cutting dovetail joints and other wood joints.
Drain Plug Spanner
A tool for removing and tightening drain plugs.
Drawknife
Woodworking tool, two handed tool for shaping mainly in the round or curved sections.
Drawknife Bench
A purpose made seat or bench to hold the material while using a draw knife. The main details being that the worker sits down and uses his feet to control the gripping of the material.
Drill Bits
Normally made of hardened or high speed steel with two cutting edges on the conical end with two helical flutes that act to move material away from the cutting edges.
Drill Chuck
A device used to grip drills and attach them to a rotating spindle.
Drill Chuck Arbor
Usually a tapered male and female fitting.
Drill Gauge
A flat steel plate drilled with holes of various sizes, each marked with the correct size or number into which small twist drills may be fitted to determine the size of their diameters.
Drill Press
An upright power-driven machine for drilling holes in metal, wood, or other material.
Emery Cloth
Fabric backed abrasive paper.
End Cutters
A pair of pliers with the cutting action on the end of the jaws.
End Mill
Milling cutter held by its shank that cuts on its periphery and, if so configured, on its free end.
Engine Crane
A crane designed specifically for lifting engines and gearboxes into and out of vehicle engine bays.
Faceplate
A large circular plate with slots and holes for mounting the workpiece to be machined. It is attached to the headstock of a lathe.
F Clamp
Carpentry clamps in the shape of an F.
Feeler Gauges
A set of steel fingers of different thicknesses that can be used to set the gap between two objects.
Fence
A straight guide on a tool such as a table saw or router table to keep the material a set parallel distance from the blade or cutter.
File
A hand tool used to shape material by abrasion.
Finishing Hammer
A pounding device used for detail work in shaping a panel after it has been brought approximately into the right shape.
Finishing Tool
Tool, belt, wheel or other cutting implement that completes the final, precision machining cut on a workpiece. Often takes the form of a grinding, honing, lapping or polishing tool.
Firmer Chisel
A woodworking chisel with square sides to the blade.
Fixings and Fasteners
Lists all Fixings and Fasteners topics in the Encyclopaedia
Flare Nut Spanner
A spanner which looks almost like an open ended spanner except the end curls around the nut further.
Flat Chisel
Used to cut bars and rods to reduce surfaces and to cut sheet metal which is too thick or difficult to cut with tin snips.
Flat Nose Pliers
Pliers with short pointed jaws.
Flat Wood Drill
A wood drill that has a centre point to locate the drill and flats that bore the hole.
Floor Clamp
Aids to fixing tongue and grooved flooring.
Floorboard Saw
A saw with teeth which run around the back edge for easier cutting of floorboards in situ.
Forstner Bit
These have a centre spur and circular rims with cutting teeth that cut clean flat bottomed holes.
Frame Clamp
Uses corner blocks and long-threaded rods with sliding speed nuts to assemble square, rectangular and other oddly-shaped work pieces.
Fretsaw
A fine handsaw that is used to cut intricate designs.
G Clamp
A screw-activated clamping device in the shape of the letter G.
Gear Cutter
Rotating cutting tool used in a mill to cut the teeth of a gear.
Gent′s Saw
A smaller version of a dovetail saw with a straight round handle.
Gimlet
A one handed tool with a wooden T handle and a metal spike with a small screw on the tip.
Girder Spanner
An adjustable spanner with jaws at right angles to the handle.
Glass Cutter
A handtool with a hardened wheel or diamond at the end that is used to score the surface of glass so that it may be broken along the scored line.
Glasspaper
An abrasive paper used to smooth the rough edges of freshly sawn wood.
Glue
Cement or adhesive that is used to fix two or more parts together.
Grease Gun
A tool which is used for lubrication tasks.
Grinder
Mechanical device used to smooth metals.
Grit Size
Specified size of the abrasive particles in grinding wheels and other abrasive tools. Determines metal-removal capability and quality of finish.
Hacksaw
A metal blade of hardened steel having small, close teeth on one edge, held under tension in a U-shaped frame.
Hammer
A hand tool with a metal head and a handle. It is used to force one item against or through another.
Hand Brace
A hand tool used for drilling holes.
Hand Plane
A tool to smooth and true wood surfaces, consisting of a blade fastened in frame at an angle with hand grips to slide it along the board.
Hand Saw
The most common saw. This has a wide tapering blade with teeth cut along one edge and a handle riveted to the wide end.
Hand Tool
A equipment held in hand and used to do many tasks.
Hatchet
A tool doing both the jobs as a hammer and as an axe.
Height Gauge
A device used to accurately measure height above a ground flat surface.
High Speed Steel
About 6 times harder than carbon steel and used extensively for machine tools.

Hoe
A tool with a flat blade fixed at a right angle to a long handle and used for gardening.
Hole Saw
A tube with teeth on one end and a drill in the centre used in a hand or powered drill for cutting holes.
Hone
To sharpen a tool by hand on a stone.
Hot Glue Gun
A tool with a heating element that is used to apply a thermoplastic glue.
HSS
Abbreviation of High Speed Steel.
Jack
Mechanical or hydraulic device for lifting heavy equipment off the floor.
Jigsaw
A handheld powered saw with a reciprocating blade.
Junior Hacksaw
A metal blade of hardened steel having small, close teeth on one edge, held under tension in a sprung U-shaped frame.
K Clamp
Joinery sash clamp named after the shape of the main bar which is a K rather than T shape.
Lapping Compound
Light, abrasive material used for finishing a surface.
Lathe
A machine tool which spins a block of material to perform various operations to create an object which has symmetry about an axis of rotation.
Lathe Tool
Cutting tool for lathes and other turning machines.
Lead Screw
A device for translating rotary motion into linear motion.
Letter Drills
This system of numbering drills is no longer used, but may be of use in deciphering old drawings.
Lip of a Drill
The sharp cutting edge on the end of a twist drill.
Locking Pliers
A type of pliers with locking jaws that can be used as pliers, wrench, clamp, or small vice.
Long Nose Pliers
Pliers with half round and tapered jaws.
Lump Hammer
Also known as a Club Hammer.
Marking Gauge
A gauge that is used to scribe a line parallel to a reference edge or surface.
Mattock
Used for digging through hard packed soil and clay.
Mechanics Vice
A workshop tool, firmly mounted at a convenient height for holding and gripping material while working on it.
Micrometer
An instrument used to measure the size of a body.
Milling Cutter
A cutting tool, generally cylindrical in shape and used on a milling machine.
Mitre Saw
A hand operated saw that is held in an adjustable frame used to accurately cut straight, cross or compound mitres.
Mole Grips
A type of pliers with locking jaws that can be used as pliers, wrench, clamp, or small vice.
Morse Taper
A self-holding standard taper largely used on small cutting tools.
Multimeter
Electronic meter that displays voltage, current and resistance.
Nail Hammer
A hammer designed to hit the head of nails and usually has a claw device which allows for the removal of nails.
Needle File
Small files of various cross-sections that are used for detailed work.
Needle Nose Pliers
Pliers with half round and tapered jaws. Also known as Long Nose Pliers.
Number Drills
This system of numbering drills is no longer used, but may be of use in deciphering old drawings.
Numerical Control
Any controlled equipment that allows an operator to program its movement by entering a series of coded numbers and symbols.
Nylon Hammer
A soft face hammer with a nylon face.
Outfeed
The side of a power tool where the board exits.
Outside Caliper
An instrument used to measure the outer dimension of an object.
Paintbrush
Brush used to apply paint.
Panel Hammer
A special hammer for metalworking.
Panel Saw
Also known as a hand saw.
Parting-off Tool
A tool used in a lathe to cut the workpiece from the main stock held in the chuck.
Peen Hammer
A body hammer with a pein of triangular section with a fairly sharply shaped end.
Pein Hammer
A body hammer with a pein of triangular section with a fairly sharply shaped end.
Pick Hammer
A hammer with a round head for conventional planishing and a small pick-shaped head for working away in sharp or tight corners.
Pilot Bit
A router bit with a bearing at the end of the cutter that rides against the edge the material or a template to guide the cut.
Pin Spanner
A spanner with pins on forked ends, used to turn an adjustable cup on the bottom bracket of a bicycle.
Pipe Cutter
A hand tool for cutting metal pipes.
Pit Saw
The main tool of the trade of the pre industrial age saw.
Plain Screwdriver
A screwdriver with a flat tip designed to fit in the simple slot on the head of a screw.
Pliers
A gripping tool with two hinged arms and serrated jaws.
Power Hacksaw
Machine fitted with serrated blade held taut in a reciprocating frame that cuts in one direction, either on the forward or return stroke.
Pulverizer
A device used to reduce a substance to a powder form usually by grinding.
Punch
A tool for forcing a bolt, pin, or rivet in or out of a hole.
Radius Gauge
Any one of a number of small flat, standard-shaped metal leafs or blades used for checking the accuracy of regular concave and convex surfaces.
Ratchet Brace
A brace that includes a ratchet for ease of use in tight spaces, and also to use just the most powerful or easiest arc of turn.
Riffler
A small file with a curved surface.
Ring Spanner
Each end of the spanner fits around the bolt head or nut.
Ripping Hammer
A hammer which looks like a claw hammer, but the claw is straight.
Riveting Hammer
A hammer with a special head for securing rivets.
Roughing Stone
A coarse stone used for quick removal of material during honing.
Round File
A file in the shape of a round bar.
Round Nose Chisel
Used for cutting semi-circular grooves for oil ways in bearings.
Round Nose Pliers
Pliers with a round nose.
Router
Basically a high speed motor with handles and an adjustable base with a collet that accepts profile bits to cut dados, rabbets, or shapes.
Rubber Mallet
A hammer with a rubber head.
Ruler
A straight edge with graduation marks used to measure and draw or cut straight lines.
Sanding Block
A block of rubber or plastic to which the sandpaper is fastened, offering the operator a good grip.
Sandpaper
An abrasive paper used to smooth the rough edges of freshly sawn wood.
Saw
A tool with a blade or disc with teeth along the edge used to cut metal, wood, plastic and many other materials.
Scraper
A hardened steel hand tool used to scrape surfaces very smooth by removing minute amounts of metal.
Screwdriver
A tool that locates on the head of a screw and allows a torque to be applied to turn it.
Sharpening Stone
A flat blade used for sharpening blades of hand tools.
Shoulder Plane
A hand plane related to and similar to a rebate plane but with a low cutting blade angle mainly used for planing end the grain of shoulder joints in tennons.
Shovel
A tool with broad blade or scoop for digging and moving material.
Shrinking Hammer
A special hammer with faces shaped to allow for correction of locally stretched sheet metal.
Side Cutter
A milling cutter that has cutting teeth on the side as well as on the periphery or circumference.
Side Cutters
A tool like a pair of pliers except the end opposite the handles have sharp edges used to cut wire.
Sledge Hammer
A large, heavy hammer usually with a long handle.
Slide Hammer
A tool with a long round shaft on which a hammer weight slides.
Slot Drill
A cutting tool that is used in a milling machine. It can be plunged into the material and then moved to form a slot.
Smooth Plane
A general purpose wood plane, often used after the jack plane for final polishing.
Snipe Nose Pliers
Pliers with half round and tapered jaws. Also known as Long Nose Pliers.
Socket Wrench
A tool with socket end or a drive tool combined with a socket.
Soldering Iron
A tool with a handle attached to a copper or iron tip which is heated, electrically or in a flame, and used to melt solder to make joints.
Spade
A sturdy digging tool with a thick handle and a heavy, flat blade that can be pushed into the ground with the foot.
Spanner
A tool used to turn a nut and bolt. Wrench is another name for spanner.
Spindle
The rotating part of a machine tool.
Spindle Speed
The rotational speed at which a machine is set.
Spirit Level
A tool for testing if a surface is level using a glass tube containing an air bubble.
Spokeshave
Used to shape curved surfaces, consists of a blade fastened between two handles, blades come in straight, concave and convex curves.
Spring Dividers
Dividers whose legs are held together at the hinged end by the pressure of a C-shaped spring.
Squeeze Clamps
Light duty clamps applied with one hand with an automatic advancing squeeze handle.
Stone Masons Level
A wooden frame from which is suspended a plumb bob to find a horizontal level.
Straightedge
As it sounds, an unmarked tool used to draw straight lines.
String Line
Line usually out of string, used as an aid to creating straight lines.
Stud Finder
A small electrical tool that can accurately find the position of studs in a framed wall.
Swivel Base Vice
A mechanics style vice that has a base that can be swiveled to allow for different working positions.
Table Lift
A table where the height can be adjusted and provide a lifting mechanism.
Table Saw
A rotating disc, driven by an electric motor, with teeth around the circumference.
Tack Hammer
A special hammer with a magnetic head for inserting small nails or tacks.
Tandem Mill
Arrangement of rolling mills, in direct line, allowing the metal to pass from one set of rolls to the next for the reduction of steel.
Tang
The flat on the shank of a cutting tool, such as a drill, reamer or end mill, that fits a slot in -the spindle of a machine to keep the tool from slipping.
Tap Wrench
A bar with a hole and clamping device or T-bar design to hold a tap used to make internal threads.
Template
A pattern to guide the marking or cutting of a shape.
Tenon Saw
Fine-toothed hand saw used to cut tenons and other wood joints accurately.
Thickness Planer
A power-fed rotary planer that trims the surface of a board to a certain thickness.
Three-Way Edge Clamp
C-clamp design with a third screw that applies right angle pressure to the edge.
Tin Snips
Snips or shears for cutting thin sheet metal.
Tinners Hammer
A hammer used to shape tin plates.
Toggle Clamps
Hand operated lever clamps which can quickly apply pressure and just as easily release it.
Tommy Bar
A rod which is inserted into the holes of a box spanner.
Tool Holder
Secures a cutting tool during a machining operation.
Tool Steel
Any steel used o make tools for cutting, forming, or otherwise shaping a material into a final part.
Toolbox
A box design to protect and allow a set of tools to be carried around.
Tools Weblinks
Lists all Tools Weblinks in the Encyclopaedia
Torch Igniter Module
A self-igniting flame device used to ignite a fuel-air mixture.
Torque Multiplier
A gearbox used to increase the torque produced by a small hand wrench.
Torque Wrench
A manual wrench which incorporates a gauge or other method to indicate the amount of torque transferred to the nut or bolt.
Trammel
A metal rod having pointed ends, used to mark off a span equal to its length.
Trowel
A handtool with a flat sheet steel surface that is rectangular or pointed and is used to manipulate and finish concrete or plaster.
Try Square
A joinery tool for testing timber or lumber for square, that is 90 Degrees.
T-Slot Cutter
Milling cutter for machining T-slots. Desired T-slot shape is reverse of cutter shape.
Tube Cutter
A device designed to cut tubes with a rotating action and a blade that is gradually tightened onto the tube.
Turret Lathe
Differs from engine lathe in that the normal compound rest is replaced by pivoting, multitool turrets mounted on the cross slide and tailstock.
Twist Drill
A commonly used metal-cutting drill, usually made with two flutes running around the body.
Two Man Crosscut Saw
A saw with a handle for a man at each end.
Universal Grinder
A versatile grinding machine designed to perform both internal and external grinding operations.
Universal Vice
A vice designed for holding work at a double or compound angle.
V Block
Workholding device with V-shaped slot for holding pipe and other round stock during machining or inspection.
Vernier Caliper
The vernier caliper provides the three basic functions of inner, outer and depth gauge.
Vibration Finishing Machine
A machine that vibrates a volume of abrasive material within which the item to be finished sits.
Vice Jaw Caps
Parts that fit over the steel jaws of a vice to protect the work.
Vice Jaw Inserts
Replaceable hardened steel inserts for vice jaws.
Water Jet
High-pressure stream of water used for cutting.
Wire Brush
A brush with metal bristles used to remove loose material from metal surfaces.
Wire Stripping Pliers
Pliers with V-shaped cutting jaws and a screw to adjust minimum jaw closing to match wire size.
Wood Lathe
A machine tool which spins a block of material to perform various operations to create an object which has symmetry about an axis of rotation.
Wood Plane
Used to flatten, reduce the thickness of, and impart a smooth surface to a rough piece of timber.
Wood Turning Tools
Metal chisels of robust construction with long wooden handles used for wood turning.
Wooden Mallet
A hammer with a wooden head.
Wooden Plane
Carpentry and joinery hand planes made out of mainly wood.
Woodruff Cutter
Milling cutter used for cutting keyways.
Woodworking Pipe Clamps
Clamp ends that are attached to standard diameter steel pipes.
Woodworking Vice
A vice that is built into a carpenter or joiner′s bench.
Wrench
A tool used to turn a nut and bolt.

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Subjects: Mechanical Engineering