A device for measuring temperatures, consisting of two dissimilar metals which produce an electromotive force roughly proportional to the temperature difference between their hot and cold junction ends.
- Cold Junction
- The reference junction of a thermocouple which is kept at a constant temperature.
|Thermocouple||Junction Materials||Temperature Range °C|
|E-Type||Chromel-Constantan||0 to 800|
|J-Type||Iron-Constantan||0 to 750|
|K-Type||Chromel-Alumel||-200 to 1200|
|N-Type||Nicrosil-Nisil||-200 to 1200|
|T-Type||Copper-Constantan||-200 to 400|
The ANSI established colour code for thermocouple wires in the negative lead is always red. Colour Code for base metal thermocouples is yellow for Type K, black for Type J, purple for Type E and blue for Type T.
- Further reading:
- Handbook of Modern Sensors, , Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg GmbH & Co. KG