Solvent Extraction

A method for separating mixtures by exploiting differences in the solubilities of the components.

If a substance is shaken with two immisicible liquids, upon standing, the two layers will separate and the substance will be distributed between the two liquid layers. A greater concentration of the substance will be present in that solvent in which it is more soluble.

Solvent extraction is used on an industrial scale:

See also: Mixture, Solvent.

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Subjects: Chemistry