Saw

A tool with a blade or disc with teeth along the edge used to cut metal, wood, plastic and many other materials. There are many different types of saw:

Bandsaw

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A power saw, the blade of which is a continuous, narrow, steel band having teeth on one edge and passing over two large pulley wheels.

Bow Saw or Buck Saw

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Ideal for pruning, landscaping work and sawing firewood. Tubular steel frame with blade tensioning lever that snaps closed to form a handle.

Circular Saw

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A rotating disc, driven by an electric motor, with teeth around the circumference. This type of saw is used to accurately cut boards.

Compass Saw

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A handsaw with a thin blade designed for cutting holes in boards with a drilled hole as a starting point.

Compound Mitre Saw

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A rotating disc, driven by an electric motor, with teeth around the circumference. This type of saw is used to accurately cut straight, cross or compound mitres in wood, plastic or aluminium.

Coping Saw

A small saw for cutting curves.

Crosscut Saw

A saw for cutting across the grain of timber.

Dovetail Saw

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A saw designed for cutting dovetail joints and other wood joints.

Floorboard Saw

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A saw with teeth which run around the back edge for easier cutting of floorboards in situ.

Fretsaw

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A fine handsaw that is used to cut intricate designs. The fine blade is held taught by the sprung loaded U-shaped frame.

Gent′s Saw

A smaller version of a dovetail saw with a straight round handle.

Hacksaw

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A metal blade of hardened steel having small, close teeth on one edge, held under tension in a U-shaped frame.

Hand Saw

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The most common and recognizable of all handsaws. Has a wide, tapering blade with teeth cut along one edge and a handle riveted to the wide end. Two basic types: crosscut and rip. Most effectively used to cut large, wide or thick pieces of wood.

Also known as a Panel Saw.

Hole Saw

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A tube with teeth on one end and a drill in the centre used in a hand or powered drill for cutting holes.

Jigsaw

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A handheld powered saw with a reciprocating blade. The blade is narrow and so can be used to cut curved shapes.

Junior Hacksaw

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A metal blade of hardened steel having small, close teeth on one edge, held under tension in a sprung U-shaped frame.

Mitre Saw

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A hand operated saw that is held in an adjustable frame used to accurately cut straight, cross or compound mitres.

Pit Saw

The main tool of the trade of the pre industrial age saw. A long steel blade with handles for a man at each end. Used in a saw pit, with one man on the top and one man underneath. for ripping down the length of logs.

Power Hacksaw

Machine fitted with serrated blade held taut in a reciprocating frame that cuts in one direction, either on the forward or return stroke.

Table Saw

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A rotating disc, driven by an electric motor, with teeth around the circumference.

Tenon Saw

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Fine-toothed hand saw used to cut tenons and other wood joints accurately.

Two Man Crosscut Saw

A saw with a handle for a man at each end. These saws are designed to cut on both strokes and so have distinctive teeth.

See also: Abrasive Cutoff Disc, Dovetail Joint, Fence, Kerf, Outfeed, Table Saw.

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