Rayleigh Distribution

It is often necessary to determine the probability that the peaks in a time history will exceed certain values. This is done using a peak probability distribution which only considers the peaks in the time history and not values at any arbitrary time.

For a narrow banded process which has a Gaussian probability distribution, the peaks follow a Rayleigh probability distribution.

An example is the variation of wave height in a sea where swell is the main component.

Sky wave field intensities follow the Rayleigh distribution for one minute or smaller time intervals.

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Subjects: Physics Statistics