Particle Accelerator

A device (i.e., machine) used to produce high-energy high-speed beams of charged particles, such as electrons , protons, or heavy ions, for research in high-energy and nuclear physics, synchrotron radiation research, medical therapies, and some industrial applications.

CERN

The major European International Accelerator Laboratory located near Geneva, Switzerland.

Fermilab

Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois (near Chicago). Named after particle physics pioneer Enrico Fermi.

Fixed-Target Experiment

An experiment in which the beam of particles from an accelerator is directed at a stationary (fixed) target. The target may be a solid, a tank containing liquid or gas, or a gas jet.

LHC

The Large Hadron Collider at the CERN laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. LHC collides protons into protons at a centre-of-mass energy of about 14 TeV.

SLAC

The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center in Stanford, California.

Synchrotron

A type of circular accelerator.

See also: Acceleration, Betatron, Centre European pour Rechearche Nucleaire, Collider, Cosmotron, Cyclotron, Electron, Fixed-Target Experiment, Linear Accelerator, Neutral Beam, Neutron, Particle Beam, Proton, Storage Ring, Synchrotron, Velocity.

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Subjects: Nuclear and Particle Physics


Weblinks:
CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research.
Fermilab A US Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics.
Australian Synchrotron A source of highly intense light ranging from infrared to hard x-rays used for a wide variety of research purposes.
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is one of 10 Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science laboratories and is operated by Stanford University on behalf of the DOE.