On This Day

Events in science and engineering that happened on a particular day.


January

1
1894 The Manchester Ship Canal was opened to traffic.
2
1959 The USSR launches Lunar 1, this becomes the first space vehicle to reach escape velocity and passes the moon on 4 January at a distance of 6000km.
1839 Louis Daguerre takes the first photograph of the moon.
3
1924 The sarcophagus of Tutankhamen was discovered by Howard Carter in the Valley of the Kings.
4
1958 Sputnik 1 fell back to earth.
5
1896 First demonstration of x-rays by Roentgen.
1970 Max Born died.
6
1838 Samuel Morse gave the first public demonstration of the electric telegraph.
7
1785 The English Channel is crossed for the first time in a hot air balloon by Jean Pierre Blanchard and Dr John Jeffries.
8
1642 Galileo Galilei died.
1886 Severn Railway Tunnel was opened.
9
1816 Sir Humphry Davy′s safety lamp was first used in a coalmine.
10
1863 World′s first underground railway is opened, Metropolitan line London.
1833 Adrian Marie Legendre died.
11
1902 First publication of Popular Mechanics.
12
1866 Royal Aeronautical Society founded in London.
1665 Pierre de Fermat died.
13
1864 Wilhelm Wien was born.
14
1742 Edmond Halley died.
15
1759 British Museum opened for the first time.
16
1967 Robert Van de Graff died.
17
1773 Antarctic Circle is crossed for the first time by Captain Cook in the ship Resolution.
18
1911 Eugene Ely was the first person to land an aircraft on a ship′s deck.
19
1813 Sir Henry Bessemer was born.
1736 James Watt, inventor and mechanical engineer whose improvements to the steam engine were fundamental to the changes brought by the Industrial Revolution, was born.
20
1930 Edwin Eugene Aldrin, second man on the Moon, was born.
21
1912 Konrad Bloch was born.
22
1775 Andre-Marie Ampere was born.
23
1929 Chemist John C. Polanyi was born.
24
1888 German aircraft designer Ernst Heinrich Heinkel was born.
25
1627 Robert Boyle was born.
1736 Joseph Louis Lagrange was born.
26
1926 John Logie Baird demonstrated television to members of the Royal Institution.
27
1989 Aircraft designer Thomas Sopwith died.
1967 Three astronauts die in Apollo 1 tragedy.
28
1986 Challenger lifts off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, seventy-three seconds later the shuttle exploded in a forking plume of smoke and fire.
1807 London is the first city to use gas lamps.
29
1886 Karl Benz patents the first petrol driven vehicle.
30
1948 Orville Wright died.
31
1958 USA launches its first artificial satellite.
1983 New British law states that drivers and front seat passengers must wear seat belts.

February

1
2003 Space Shuttle Columbia breaks up on re-entry.
2
1902 Charles Lindbergh was born.
1925 Oliver Heaviside died.
3
1862 Jean-Baptiste Biot died.
4
1810 Henry Cavendish died.
5
1878 French engineer and industrialist André-Gustave Citroën was born.
1971 Apollo 14 landed on the moon.
6
1964 The British and French Governments announce their commitment to build the Channel Tunnel.
7
1918 American geneticist Ruth Sager was born.
8
1969 The Boeing 747 made its first flight.
1928 John Logie Baird transmits the first transatlantic television pictures.
9
1700 Daniel Bernoulli was born.
1969 First flight of the Boeing 747.
10
1923 Wilhelm von Roentgen died.
11
1847 Thomas Edison was born.
1650 Rene Descartes died.
12
1809 Charles Darwin was born.
13
1910 William B. Shockley was born.
1805 German mathematician Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet was born.
1960 French detonate their first plutonium bomb.
14
1869 C.T.R. Wilson was born.
15
1564 Galileo Galilea was born.
16
1923 Howard Carter opened the sealed doorway to the sepulchral chamber of King Tutankhamen′s tomb in Thebes, Egypt.
17
1888 Otto Stern was born.
18
1930 Pluto was discovered by Clyde Tombaugh.
1745 Alessandro Volta was born.
19
1916 Ernst Mach died.
20
1962 First US orbital spaceflight is made by John Glenn in Friendship 7.
21
1912 Osborne Reynolds died.
1931 Alka Seltzer was introduced.
22
1857 German physicist Heinrich Hertz was born.
23
1886 Charles M. Hall completed his electrolytic process for the separation of aluminum from its ore.
24
1663 Thomas Newcomen, inventor of the atmospheric steam engine, was born.
25
1723 Sir Christopher Wren died.
26
1935 RADAR was first demonstrated by Robert Watson-Watt.
27
1932 The neutron was discovered by Dr. James Chadwick.
28
1909 Linus Pauling was born.
29
1860 Herman Hollerith, inventor of a tabulating machine, was born.

March

1
1966 Soviet spacecraft Venus 3 landed on Venus.
2
1969 Concorde made its first flight.
3
1915 NACA was formed "...to supervise and direct the scientific study of the problems of flight, with a view of their practical solution".
1703 Robert Hooke died.
4
1923 Patrick Moore, amateur astronomer, was born.
1890 Forth Railway Bridge was opened.
5
1936 The Spitfire made its first flight.
1827 Pierre Simon Laplace died.
6
1787 German physicist Joseph von Fraunhofer was born.
1869 Dmitry Mendeleyev published his first version of the periodic table of the elements.
7
1792 Sir William Hershel was born.
8
1952 An artificial heart was used for the first time on a 41-year-old man which kept him alive for 80 minutes.
9
1934 Yuri Gagarin was born.
1851 Hans Christian Ørsted died.
10
1791 John Stone patented the pile driver.
11
1811 Urbain Leverrier was born.
1955 Sir Alexander Fleming died at the age of 73.
12
1942 Sir William Henry Bragg died.
1912 Captain Albert Berry performed the first parachute jump from an airplane.
1894 First bottles of Coca-Cola were sold.
13
1733 Joseph Priestley was born.
14
1879 Albert Einstein was born.
15
1854 German bacteriologist Emil von Behring was born.
16
1789 German physicist Georg Simon Ohm was born.
17
1834 Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler was born.
18
1965 The first ever spacewalk was made by Alexei Leonov from Voskhod 2.
19
1883 British chemist Sir Norman Haworth was born.
1932 Sydney Harbour Bridge, Australia, was opened.
20
1727 Isaac Newton died.
21
1768 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier was born.
22
1868 Robert Andrews Millikan was born.
23
1749 Pierre Simon Laplace was born.
24
1941 American radio astronomer and physicist Joseph H Taylor Jr. was born.
25
1857 Frederick Laggenheim took the first photograph of a solar eclipse.
26
1821 German statistician Ernst Engel was born.
27
1863 Henry Royce was born.
28
1979 A power plant at Three Mile Island, within 10 miles of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, provoked local panic and international alarm when an overheated nuclear reactor caused a radioactive leak into the atmosphere.
29
1927 English biochemist John Robert Vane was born.
30
1867 United States buys Alaska from Russia.
31
1596 Rene Descartes was born.

April

1
1976 Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak incorporate the Apple Computer Company.
2
1934 American mathematician Paul Joseph Cohen was born.
1978 Velcro was released.
3
1827 German physicist Ernst Florens Friedrich Chladni, known as the father of acoustics, was born.
4
1617 John Napier died.
1929 Karl Benz died.
5
1976 Howard Hughes died.
6
1928 James Dewey Watson was born.
7
1827 First matches sold, invented by John Walker.
1968 Motor racing world champion Jim Clark is killed in a car crash during a Formula Two race at Hockenheim.
8
1879 Milk was sold in glass bottles for the first time.
9
1864 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti was born.
10
1813 Joseph Louis Lagrange died.
11
1907 Sir Frank Whittle was born.
12
1961 Yuri Gagarin in Vostok 1 was the first human to travel in space.
1981 First mission of the Space Shuttle.
13
1892 Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt, credited with the development of RADAR, was born.
1771 The father of the steam locomotive Richard Trevithick born.
14
1629 Christian Huygens was born.
1970 An explosion cripples Apollo 13.
15
1912 Titanic sinks on it′s maiden voyage, 1513 lives lost.
1452 Leonardo da Vinci was born.
1707 Leonhard Euler was born.
16
1894 Russian-U.S. mathematician and statistician Jerzy Neyman was born.
17
1946 German immunologist Georges J.F. Köhler was born.
18
1955 Albert Einstein dies at the age of 76.
19
1912 American nuclear chemist Glenn T. Seaborg was born.
20
1927 Swiss physicist Karl Alex Müller was born.
1972 Apollo 16 astronauts landed on the moon.
21
1918 Manfred von Richthofen "Red Baron" was shot down over the Somme.
22
1904 Robert Oppenheimer was born.
1838 Sirius, a British packet steamer, is the first boat to cross the Atlantic by steam power alone.
1833 Richard Trevithick, built the first steam locomotive, died.
23
1858 Max Planck was born.
24
1990 Hubble space telescope was launched.
25
1859 Construction of the Suez Canal started.
1840 Siméon Denis Poisson died.
1769 Isambard Kingdom Brunel was born.
26
1986 A nuclear reactor at Chernobyl in the USSR explodes. This leads to a massive leak of radioactive material that kills many people, affects soil as far away as the UK and means all families within a 30km radius eventually have to be evacuated.
27
1875 Maurice de Broglie was born.
28
2001 The first space tourist blasts off.
29
1854 French mathematician, physicist, and astronomer Henri Poincaré was born.
30
1777 Carl Friedrich Gauss was born.

May

1
1825 Swiss mathematician and physicist Johann Jakob Balmer was born.
2
1519 Leonardo da Vinci died.
1952 The Comet, the world′s first ever jet airliner begun its maiden flight.
3
1695 French hydraulic engineer and inventor of the pitot tube Henri Pitot was born.
4
2000 Computer virus "the love bug" strikes around the world affecting roughly 1/10th of all servers.
5
1961 Alan Shepard became the first American to travel in space.
1936 First flight of the Supermarine Spitfire
1967 Ariel 3 is the first all British satellite launched into space.
6
1937 Hindenburg bursts into flames on approach to it′s mooring.
1889 The Eiffel Tower opened in Paris.
1954 Roger Bannister is the first person to run a mile in under four minutes.
1994 Channel Tunnel officially opened.
7
1945 Germany unconditionally surrenders, the war in Europe is over.
1915 Lusitania sunk without warning by a German submarine, 1198 people died.
8
1808 John Scott Russell, British civil engineer best known for researches in ship design, was born.
9
1850 Edward Weston, British-born American electrical engineer and industrialist, was born.
10
1869 The first transcontinental railroad in the United States completed.
1788 Augustin Jean Fresnel was born.
11
1871 Sir William Hershel died.
12
1803 Baron Justus von Liebig was born.
13
1913 Igor Sikorsky becomes the first man to pilot a four-engine aircraft.
14
1973 Skylab is launched by NASA.
15
1985 Ozone hole discovered by British Antarctic scientists.
16
1830 Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier died.
17
1922 Kenelm Lee Guinness sets a land speed record of 133.7mph.
18
1980 Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state exploded.
19
1967 The United States, Soviet Union and Great Britain sign a treaty banning nuclear weapons in space.
20
1990 First image received from the Hubble telescope.
21
1927 Charles Lindbergh completed the first solo crossing of the Atlantic Ocean when he landed Spirit of St. Louis near Paris.
22
1826 HMS Beagle departs on its first voyage, carrying Charles Darwin.
23
1951 Chess player Anatoly Karpov was born.
24
1883 Brooklyn Bridge, designed by John A. Roebling, officially opened.
25
1844 Stuart Perry patented the gasoline engine.
26
1667 Abraham de Moivre was born.
27
2005 First flight of the Airbus A380.
28
1930 The Chrysler Building in New York City officially opens.
29
1953 Mount Everest was conquered by Edmund Hillary and Tensing Norgay.
30
1908 Hannes Alfvén, Nobel laureate for his work on the theory of magnetohydrodynamics, was born on this day.
31
1890 Sir William Lawrence Bragg, famous for his law on the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, was born on this day.

June

1
1906 Inventor of the jet engine Sir Frank Whittle was born.
1970 Soyuz 9 was launched.
2
1952 Queen Elizabeth II was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
3
1965 Edward White became the first American to walk in space.
4
1783 The Montgolfier brothers give the first public demonstration of their hot air balloon.
5
1995 The first Bose-Einstein condensate is created in the lab.
6
1944 D-Day invasion started with Allied forces storming the beaches of Normandy.
7
1862 Hungarian-German physicist Philipp Lenard is born.
8
1869 Architect and writer Frank Lloyd Wright was born.
9
1781 George Stephenson, civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public railway line in the world to use steam locomotives and is known as the Father of Railways, was born.
10
2002 First direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans is carried out by Kevin Warwick.
11
1959 The hovercraft is launched in Southampton, invented by Christopher Cockerell.
1955 Accident at Le Mans leaves 77 dead and 77 injured.
12
1979 Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross.
13
1983 Pioneer 10 passes Neptune and becomes the first human-made object to leave the solar system.
14
1951 UNIVAC, the first commercial general-use computer is demonstrated.
15
1752 Benjamin Franklin invents the lightning rod.
16
1963 Valentina Tereshkova is the first woman in space.
17
1928 Amelia Earhart embarked on the first trans-Atlantic flight by a woman. She flew from Newfoundland to Wales in roughly 21 hours.
18
1983 Sally Ride becomes the first American woman in space.
19
1623 Blaise Pascal was born.
20
1214 The University of Oxford receives its charter.
21
1781 Siméon Denis Poisson was born.
2004 SpaceShipOne became the first private manned vehicle to break the Earth′s atmosphere.
22
1978 Pluto′s twin Charon discovered by James Christy.
23
1931 Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane.
24
1509 Henry VIII was crowned King of England.
25
1998 Microsoft′s "Windows 98" was released.
1876 Lt. Col. George A. Custer and his 7th Cavalry were wiped out by Sioux and Cheyenne Indians in the Battle of Little Big Horn.
26
1824 Lord Kelvin was born.
27
1857 "whale oil, used for lighting, may soon run out due to overhunting", warns Scientific American.
28
1919 Treaty of Versailles is signed with the aim of bringing peace to Europe after World War I.
29
1995 Space shuttle Atlantis and Mir space station dock to form the largest man-made satellite.
30
1860 The 1860 Oxford evolution debate at the Oxford University Museum of Natural History takes place.

July

1
1881 First international telephone call takes place between St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada, and Calais, Maine, United States.
2
1698 Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine.
3
1938 Mallard becomes the fastest ever steam locomotive recording 125 miles per hour between Grantham and Peterborough.
4
1776 The American Congress passed the Declaration of Independence.
5
1687 Isaac Newton publishes Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica.
6
1885 Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies
7
1878 Russian mathematician Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev died.
8
1695 Christian Huygens died.
9
1856 Amedeo Avogadro died.
10
1962 Telstar, the world′s first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
11
1979 Skylab made a spectacular return to Earth, burning up in the atmosphere over the Indian Ocean and Australia.
12
1945 Russian mathematician Boris Galerkin died.
13
1919 The airship R34 lands, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.
14
1965 Mariner 4 made a fly by of Mars and sent back photographs.
1827 Augustin Jean Fresnel died.
15
1954 First flight of the Boeing 367-80, the prototype for the Boeing 707 and Boeing C-135.
16
1945 First atomic bomb exploded.
17
1975 An American Apollo and a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft dock with each other in orbit marking the first such link-up between spacecraft from the two nations.
18
1975 A US Apollo spacecraft docks with a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft while in Earth orbit, the first international co-operative space flight.
1635 Robert Hooke was born.
19
1545 Henry VIII′s flagship the Mary Rose sank off the south coast of England.
20
1969 Apollo 11 crew make the first human landing on the moon.
21
1904 Louis Rigolly achieves a land speed record of 103.56mph, the first land speed record over 100mph.
22
1933 Wiley Post completes the first solo around the world flight.
23
1933 Architect Sir Richard Rogers was born.
24
1897 Aviator Amelia Earhart was born.
25
1909 Louis Bleriot crosses the English Channel.
1978 First test tube baby was born.
26
1963 Syncom 2, the world′s first geosynchronous satellite, is launched from Cape Canaveral.
27
1844 John Dalton died.
28
1968 German chemist and Nobel laureate Otto Hahn died.
29
1957 The International Atomic Energy Agency is established.
30
1863 Henry Ford was born.
31
1964 American Ranger 7 transmitted pictures of the moon′s surface.

August

1
1943 Soviet female flying ace Lydia Litvyak died.
2
1870 Tower Subway, the world′s first underground tube railway, opens in London.
3
1958 Nuclear powered submarine Nautilus became the first vessel to cross under the North Pole.
4
2007 NASA′s Phoenix spaceship is launched.
5
1858 First transatlantic cable completed. Enabling telegraph communication between the USA and Great Britain.
1729 Thomas Newcomen, forefather of the Industrial Revolution, died.
6
1945 The first atomic bomb was detonated at Hiroshima, Japan, about 70,000 people were killed instantly; about 30,000 more people died within several weeks.
1971 Chay Blyth is the first to sail the wrong way around the world.
1881 Alexander Fleming was born.
7
1976 Viking 2 enters orbit around Mars.
8
1902 Paul Dirac was born.
9
1945 Second atom bomb to be used, dropped on Nagasaki.
1776 Amedeo Avogadro was born.
10
1675 The foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London is laid.
11
1986 John Egginton in a Westland Lynx sets a helicopter speed record of 249.1mph.
12
1848 George Stephenson, civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public railway line in the world to use steam locomotives and is known as the Father of Railways, died.
13
1913 First production in the UK of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
14
1777 Hans Christian Ørsted was born.
15
1914 Panama canal opened.
16
1930 The first color sound cartoon, called Fiddlesticks, is made by Ub Iwerks.
17
1809 Matthew Boulton, manufacturer and engineer, died.
18
1877 Asaph Hall discovers Martian moon Phobos.
19
1913 The first parachute drop in Europe by Frenchman Pegoud.
1662 Blaise Pascal died.
20
1913 The first loop was made in an aeroplane by Piotr Nesterov in a Nieuport Monoplane.
1601 Pierre de Fermat was born.
21
1836 French physicist Claude-Louis Navier died.
22
1849 The first air raid in history: Austria launches pilotless balloons against the city of Venice.
1902 Cadillac Motor Company is founded.
23
1806 French physicist Charles Auguste de Coulomb died.
24
79 AD Mount Vesuvius erupted and buried Pompeii and Herculaneum in hot ash.
25
1867 Chemist and physicist Michael Faraday died.
1822 Astronomer William Herschel died.
1819 James Watt, inventor and engineer who made fundamental improvements to the steam engine, died.
26
2011 The Boeing 787 Dreamliner receives certification from the EASA and the FAA.
27
1962 Mariner 2 unmanned space mission is launched to Venus by NASA.
28
1728 Johann Heinrich Lambert was born.
29
1831 Michael Faraday demonstrated the electrical transformer.
30
1871 Ernest Rutherford was born.
31
1897 Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.

September

1
1804 Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, is discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
2
1877 British chemist and Nobel laureate Frederick Soddy was born.
3
1939 Britain declare war on Germany.
1728 Matthew Boulton, manufacturer and engineer, was born.
1935 Malcolm Campbell in Blue Bird sets the first land speed record over 300mph.
4
1956 The first commercial computer to use magnetic disk storage, the IBM RAMAC 305 is introduced.
5
1766 John Dalton was born.
6
1885 Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol, Catalan intellectual, artist, engineer and inventor of the first combustion engine-driven submarine died.
7
1783 Leonhard Euler died.
8
2004 NASA′s unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open.
1966 The Severn Bridge is officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II.
9
1839 John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.
10
1858 George Mary Searle discovers the asteroid 55 Pandora.
2008 The Large Hadron Collider at CERN, described as the biggest scientific experiment in history is powered up in Geneva, Switzerland.
11
2007 Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of all bombs.
12
1901 Marconi receives the first transatlantic signal from Cornwall to Newfoundland.
1958 Jack Kilby at Texas Instruments completes building of the first integrated circuit containing 5 components.
13
1898 Hannibal Goodwin patents celluloid photographic film.
14
1959 The USSR Lunik 2 probe becomes the first man-made object to reach a celestial body.
15
1948 F-86 Sabre sets the world aircraft speed record at 671mph.
16
1908 General Motors Corporation is founded.
1959 The first successful photocopier, the Xerox 914, is introduced.
17
1683 Antonie van Leeuwenhoek writes a letter to the Royal Society describing "animalcules": the first known description of protozoa.
18
1752 Adrian Marie Legendre was born.
19
1783 Montgolfier brothers placed a sheep, a duck and a rooster in the basket of a hot air balloon and they become the first living creatures to make a balloon ascent.
20
1967 QE2 was launched.
21
1942 The B-29 Superfortress makes its maiden flight.
22
1791 Michael Faraday was born.
23
1846 Urbain Jean Joseph Leverrier locates Neptune from calculations on the irregularities in the orbit of Uranus.
24
1852 The first airship powered by a steam engine, created by Henri Giffard, travels 17 miles (27 km) from Paris to Trappes.
25
1777 Johann Heinrich Lambert died.
26
1580 Sir Francis Drake finishes his circumnavigation of the Earth.
27
1825 Stockton and Darlington Railway is the World′s first public transport system.
28
1928 Sir Alexander Fleming notices a bacteria-killing mould growing in his laboratory.
29
1954 The Centre Européen de Recherche Nucléaire (CERN) was founded.
30
1982 H. Ross Perot and Jay Colburn completed the first circumnavigation of the world in a helicopter, the Spirit of Texas.

October

1
1880 First electric lamp factory is opened by Thomas Edison.
2
1853 French mathematician François Jean Dominique Arago died.
3
1952 The United Kingdom successfully tests a nuclear weapon to become the world′s third nuclear power.
4
1957 Sputnik becomes the first man-made object to orbit the Earth.
1959 The USSR Lunar 3 probe travels to the far side of the moon and successfully photographs it for the first time.
2004 SpaceShipOne makes it′s second flight beyond 100km in 14 days winning the Ansari X Prize.
5
1931 Clyde Pangborn and Hugh Herndon completed the first nonstop flight across the Pacific Ocean.
1923 Edwin Hubble identified the first Cepheid variable star.
1582 Gregorian calendar was introduced in Italy
6
1889 American inventor Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture.
7
1885 Niels Bohr was born.
8
1829 Stephenson′s The Rocket wins The Rainhill Trials.
9
1999 The last flight of the SR-71, Blackbird.
10
1731 Henry Cavendish was born.
11
1968 NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission.
12
1492 Columbus sights land in the Caribbean.
1859 Robert Stephenson, English engineer, died.
13
1976 The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle is obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy.
14
1947 The Bell X1 was the first aircraft to break through the sound barrier flown by Captain Charles E Yeager.
15
1783 de Rozier became the first person to make an ascent in a hot air balloon.
1997 Thrust SSC driven by Andy Green is the first land based vehicle to set a speed record above the sound barrier.
1608 Evangelista Torricelli was born.
16
1803 Robert Stephenson, English engineer, was born.
17
1956 Sellafield is opened and becomes the first commercial nuclear power station.
18
1931 Thomas Edison died.
1871 Charles Babbage died.
19
1937 Ernest Rutherford died.
20
1632 Sir Christopher Wren was born.
21
1833 Alfred Nobel is born, Swedish inventor and founder of the Nobel Prize.
22
1797 André-Jacques Garnerin made the first parachute jump from a balloon.
23
2001 Apple announces the iPod.
24
2003 Concorde made its last commercial flight.
25
1828 The St Katharine Docks opened in London.
26
1940 North American P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.
27
1829 Stephenson′s rocket won the Rainhill trials.
28
1831 Michael Faraday demonstrated the first dynamo.
29
1783 Jean-le-Rond D′Alembert died.
30
1961 The largest explosive device ever is detonated by Russia, a 50 megaton hydrogen bomb.
31
1982 Thames Barrier, London, raised for the first time.

November

1
1939 The first rabbit born after artificial insemination is exhibited to the world.
2
2000 The first resident crew to the ISS docked on the Soyuz TM-31.
3
1957 Sputnik 2 with the dog Laika onboard is launched.
4
1862 Richard Gatling patented the rapid fire gun.
5
2007 China′s first lunar satellite, Chang′e 1 goes into orbit around the Moon.
6
1952 The first hydrogen bomb was exploded.
7
1940 The first Tacoma Narrows suspension bridge collapsed due to wind-induced vibrations.
8
1895 William Roentgen discovered X-rays.
9
1934 Carl Sagan was born.
10
1989 Began to pull down the Berlin wall.
11
1940 Willys Jeep was launched for the US Army.
12
1847 Chloroform as an anaesthetic was demonstrated by James Simpson.
1921 The first air to air refuelling took place when Wesley May transfered from the wing of one plane to that of another with a five gallon can of fuel.
13
1851 Telegraph service between London and Paris started operating.
1907 The first free flight of a helicopter was made by Paul Cornu at Lisieux, France.
14
1896 Speed limit in Britain raised from 4 to 14mph.
1966 The first jet aircraft landed in Antarctica.
15
1738 William Herschel was born
16
1717 Jean-le-Rond D′Alembert was born.
17
1869 The Suez Canal was opened.
18
1962 Niels Bohr died.
19
1493 Christopher Columbus discovered Puerto Rico on his second voyage to the New World.
20
1953 The first aircraft to break Mach 2. A Douglas D-558-2 was flown by A Scott Crossfield to Mach 2.005 (1,328 mph) over Edwards Air Force Base.
1999 China launched its first spacecraft.
21
1905 Albert Einstein′s paper, Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?, is published in the journal "Annalen der Physikquot;.
22
1497 Vasco de Gama rounded the Cape of Good Hope on his way to find a new route to India.
23
1972 The intel 4004, first microporecesor was released.
24
1859 "On the Origin of Species", Charles Darwin was first published.
25
1940 First flight of the deHavilland Mosquito.
26
1805 Official opening of Thomas Telford′s Pontcysyllte Aqueduct.
27
1701 Anders Celcius was born on this day.
1754 Abraham de Moivre died.
28
1964 NASA launches the Mariner 4 probe toward Mars.
29
1972 Atari announces the release of Pong, the first commercially successful video game.
30
1934 The steam locomotive Flying Scotsman becomes the first to officially exceed 100mph.

December

1
1750 Johan Gabriel Doppelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer, and cartographer, died.
2
1697 Sir Christopher Wren′s redesigned St Paul′s Cathedral was reopened.
3
1973 Pioneer 10 becomes the first space vehicle to fly past Jupiter.
4
1791 The world′s first Sunday newspaper, The Observer, is published.
5
1932 Nobel laureate Sheldon Lee Glashow, American physicist, was born.
6
1877 Thomas Edison demonstrated the first gramophone.
7
1941 Japan launched a surpirse attack on the American Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbour.
8
1864 Clifton suspension bridge opened.
9
1508 Gemma Frisius, Dutch mathematician and cartographer, was born.
10
1901 The first Nobel prizes were awarded.
1845 Pneumatic tyre patented.
11
1972 Eugene Cernan and Jack Schmitt in Appolo 17 are the last to land on the Moon.
1844 First use of nitrous oxide for a tooth extraction.
1882 Max Born was born.
12
1915 Junkers J1 makes the first flight of an all metal aircraft.
13
1577 Francis Drake set sail from Plymouth on his journey around the world.
1642 Abel Tasman discovered New Zealand.
14
1962 The first pictures of Venus close-up were taken by Mariner II.
1900 Max Planck revealed Quantum Theory.
15
1906 London Underground Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway opens.
16
1882 Walther Meissner, German physicist, was born.
17
1903 On this day Orville Wright made the first controlled powered flight. He flew a distance of 120 feet, lasting 12 seconds.
1986 Davina Thompson became first person to have a heart, lungs and liver transplant at Papworth Hospital, Cambridge, England.
18
1979 The sound barrier was broken on land for the first time by Stanley Barrett.
19
1972 Appolo 17 splashed down in the Pacific bringing to an end the Apollo program and manned landings on the moon.
20
1901 Robert Van de Graaff, American physicist and inventor, was born.
21
1968 First manned flight around the moon is made by Frank Borman, James Lovell and William Anders in Apollo 8.
22
1895 First X-ray made by Wilhelm Roentgen.
23
1986 Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager complete the first non-stop circumnavigation of the world without any refuelling in the Rutan Voyager.
1922 The BBC began daily news broadcasts.
24
1966 Luna 13 landed on the moon.
25
1642 Isaac Newton was born.
1758 Halley′s comet appears exactly in accordance with predictions.
26
1898 Marie and Pierre Curie discovered Radium.
1792 Charles Babbage was born.
27
1831 Charles Darwin set sail on the Beagle on his voyage of discovery.
28
1895 Auguste and Louis Lumiere show their Cinematographe to the public in Paris, the first real cinema.
29
1860 HMS Warrior, first British iron clad warship was launched.
30
1905 Victor Hemery set a land speed record of 109.6 mph in a Darracq.
31
1909 1470 foot span Manhattan Bridge opened.
1879 Thomas Edison demonstrated the incandescent light.

See also: Timeline.

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