Ap

Aperiodic
Vibrations or oscillations with no apparent period.
Aperture
An opening through which radiation can pass.
Aperture Delay
In an analog-to-digital converter, the delay in time from when the user requests the analog input to be sampled and the actual time when this occurs.
Aperture Illumination
The field distribution, in amplitude and phase, over the antenna physical aperture.
Aperture Jitter
The amount of variance in the aperture delay.
Apgar Scale
Standardized scale that is used to determine the physical status of an infant at birth.
Apgar, Virginia
Professor of anesthesiology at the New York Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center, devised the Apgar Scale in 1953.
Aphelion
The point in a planet's orbit furthest from the Sun.
API Gravity
An arbitrary scale adopted by the American Petroleum Institute to designate the specific gravity of mineral oils.
Apical Turn
The final turn in the spiral of the cochlea furthest from the oval and round windows.
A-Pillar
The first, or most forward, roof support pillar located on either side of the windshield.
Apoapsis
That point in an orbit farthest from the centre of attraction.
Apocentre
The point on a spacecraft′s orbit at which it is furthest away from the body it is orbiting.
Apocynthion
That point in the orbit of a moon satellite which is farthest from the moon.
Apodize
To apodize is to remove or smooth a sharp discontinuity in a mathematical function, an electrical signal or a mechanical structure.
Apofocus
The point on an elliptic orbit at the greatest distance from the principal focus.
Apogee
Maximum altitude of a rocket above a reference plane, typically mean sea level.
Apollo Asteroids
Have orbits that cross the Earth′s orbit.
Apostilb
A unit of surface luminance used when defining diffusing surfaces equal to 1 lumenm-2
Apothecaries Ounce
Once used as a measurement of weight for drugs and other medical substances.
Apparent Elastic Limit
Arbitrary approximation of the elastic limit of materials that do not have a significant straight line portion on a stress strain diagram.
Apparent Horizon
Where the shy appears to meet the Earth.
Apparent Mass
Force per unit acceleration.
Apparent Particle Density
The mass of a particle divided by its apparent particle volume.
Apparent Particle Volume
The total volume of the particle, excluding open pores, but including closed pores.
Apparent Position
The position on the celestial sphere at which a heavenly body would be seen from the centre of the earth at a particular time.
Apparent Powder Density
The mass of a powder divided by its apparent volume.
Apparent Powder Volume
The total volume of solid matter, open pores and closed pores and interstices.
Apparent Power
That power apparently available for use in an ac circuit containing a reactive element. It is the product of effective voltage times effective current expressed in volt-amperes. It must be multiplied by the power factor to obtain true power available.
Apparent Source Width
Discovered and developed by A. H. Marshall, ASW is a subjective parameter of spaciousness in concert halls, and is related to the level, at the listener's ears, of lateral reflections in the first 50 to 80 milliseconds after the arrival of the direct sound.
Apple
A hard and dense wood that when stained is a good substitute for ebony.

Apple Talk
Communication Protocol used on the Local Talk networks as well as on the Ethernet and Token Ring.
Applet
A small application, often downloaded from a remote server and run in a controlled environment.
Application
Software that lets users do relatively complex tasks.
Application Specific Integrated Circuit
An integrated circuit designed for a custom requirement, frequently implemented in a gate array or field programmable array.
Appold Dynamometer
This is a friction based dynamometer with a water cooled drum and automatically corrects any variations of load due to changes in the coefficient of friction.
Approximate
Lists all Approximate topics in the Encyclopaedia
Approximate Area
Approximate area of something with examples as comparison.
Approximate Books
Lists all Approximate Books in the Encyclopaedia
Approximate Calculations
Lists all Approximate Calculations in the Encyclopaedia
Approximate Conversions
Lists all Approximate Conversions in the Encyclopaedia
Approximate Density
Approximate density of something with examples as comparison.
Approximate Energy
Approximate energy of something with examples as comparison.
Approximate Length
Approximate length of something with examples as comparison.
Approximate Mass
Approximate mass of something with examples as comparison.
Approximate Speed
Approximate speed of something with examples as comparison.
Approximate Volume
Approximate volume of something with examples as comparison.