Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727)
Newton was a mathematician and natural philosopher (physicist). Newton's principle achievement was that he went beyond the theoretical; he did experimental work. Though he built on the work of Copernicus, Kepler, and Galileo; it is to Newton to whom we point as the person primarily responsible for the mechanistic theory which accounts for the perceivable universe.
- 1666 Newton invented the calculus. Newton discovered glass prism separates white light into spectrum.
- 1668 Reflecting telescope invented by Isaac Newton
- 1687 Laws of gravity proposed by Isaac Newton. Newton published "Principia", describing the laws of motion.
- 1704 Newton published "Opticks".
- 1747 The French writer Voltaire is influential in spreading Newton's ideas about gravitation and the movement of celestial bodies. In continental Europe at this time most people still accept the ideas put forward by Descartes. Voltaire lived with Madame du Chatelet who begins translating Newton's Principia during this year, until she dies in childbirth.
- Famous Quotes:
- "If I have seen further than others, it is by standing upon the shoulders of giants."
- Newtons Castle A stimulating journey into the revelations of Sir Isaac Newton. Learn about his discovery of Gravity and Optical Theories.