Linear Thermal Expansion

Most substances expand when heated and contract when cooled.


where
L = length [m]
L0 = original length [m]
α = linear expansion coefficient [K-1]
ΔT = temperature change [K]
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Aluminium 0.000023 K-1Clip Aluminium 1050 0.0000236 K-1Clip Aluminium 3003 0.0000232 K-1Clip
Antimony 0.000011 K-1Clip Asphalt ~0.0002 K-1Clip Beryllium 0.0000113 K-1Clip
Bismuth 0.0000134 K-1Clip Boron 0.0000047 K-1Clip Brass 0.000018 K-1Clip
Bronze 0.000017 K-1Clip Cadmium 0.0000308 K-1Clip Carbon 1e-6 to 3.1e-6 K-1Clip
Cast Iron 0.0000105 K-1Clip Chromium 0.0000049 K-1Clip Cobalt 0.000012 K-1Clip
Concrete 0.000012 K-1Clip Constantan 0.0000152 K-1Clip Copper 0.0000165 K-1Clip
German Silver 0.000018 K-1Clip Germanium 0.0000057 K-1Clip Glass 0.000008 K-1Clip
Gold 0.0000142 K-1Clip Graphite 0.0000079 K-1Clip Indium 0.0000321 K-1Clip
Invar 0.0000017 K-1Clip Iridium 0.0000064 K-1Clip Iron 11e-6 to 12e-6 K-1Clip
Lead 0.0000289 K-1Clip Magnesium 0.0000248 K-1Clip Magnesium Oxide 0.000012 K-1Clip
Marble 3e-6 to 15e-6 K-1Clip Molybdenum 0.0000052 K-1Clip Monel 0.000014 K-1Clip
Nickel 0.0000134 K-1Clip Niobium 0.0000073 K-1Clip Nylon 0.0001 K-1Clip
Oak 0.15E-6 along grain K-1Clip Palladium 0.0000118 K-1Clip Paraffin Wax 0.00011 K-1Clip
Platinum 0.000009 K-1Clip Polycarbonate 0.000065 to 0.000070 K-1Clip Polymethyl Methacrylate Resin 0.000085 K-1Clip
Polystyrene 0.00007 K-1Clip Porcelain 2e-6 to 6e-6 K-1Clip Quartz 0.0000005 K-1Clip
Rhodium 0.0000082 K-1Clip Silicon 0.0000026 K-1Clip Silicon Carbide 0.0000045 K-1Clip
Silver 0.000019 K-1Clip Sodium I Fluoride 0.000036 K-1Clip Stainless Steel 0.000016 K-1Clip
Steel 0.000015 K-1Clip Sulphur 0.000064 K-1Clip Tantalum 0.0000063 K-1Clip
Thallium 0.0000299 K-1Clip Tin 0.000022 K-1Clip Titanium 0.0000086 K-1Clip
Tungsten 0.0000045 K-1Clip Uranium 0.0000139 K-1Clip Vanadium 0.0000084 K-1Clip
Water (Ice: 5.0E-5) K-1Clip Zinc 0.0000302 K-1Clip Zinc Sulphide 0.0000066 K-1Clip
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See also: Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, Thermal Expansion, Thermal Growth, Volume Thermal Expansion.

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Subjects: Materials Thermodynamics