- Resistance - the real part of an impedance.
- Reactance - the imaginary part of an impedance.
The total reaction of a medium to the transmission of sound through it, expressed as the ratio of sound pressure to particle velocity at a given point in the medium. The acoustic impedance Z is useful in describing the acoustic radiation from sources such as surfaces and ducts.
Impedance of a linear circuit element with two terminals is the ratio of the complex sinusoidally varying voltage applied across the terminals to the complex current that flows in response.
The ohmic value of an antenna feedpoint, matching section or a transmission line. An impedance may contain a reactance as well as resistance component.
Mechanical impedance is the ratio of a force-like quantity to a velocity like quantity when the arguments of the real (or imaginary) parts of the quantities increase linearly with time.
Examples of force-like quantities are: force, sound pressure, voltage, temperature.
Examples of velocity-like quantities are: velocity, volume velocity, current, heat flow.
Impedance is the reciprocal of mobility. If force-like and velocity-like quantities are measured at the same point impedance is referred as driving point impedance, otherwise transfer impedance.