Electrostatic Machine

A generator which produces an electric charge by friction or electrostatic induction.

Historical Notes

  1. 1663 Otto von Guericke constructs a primitive form of frictional electric mahine.
  2. 1746 Watson′s machine had a large wheel turning several glass globes with a sword and a gun barrel suspended from silk cords for its prime conductors.
  3. 1746 The collector, consisting of a series of metal points, was added to the machine by Benjamin Wilson.
  4. ~1750 Litzendorf substituted a glass ball for the sulphur ball of Guericke.
  5. 1768 Jesse Ramsden constructed a widely used version of a plate electrical generator.
  6. by 1784 Martin van Marum constructed a machine that could produce voltage with either polarity.
  7. 1785 N. Rouland constructed a silk belted machine which rubbed two grounded hare fur covered tubes.
  8. 1787 Edward Nairne developed an electrostatic generator for medical purposes.
  9. 1830′s Georg Ohm possessed a machine similar to the van Marum machine for his research.
  10. 1840 Armstrong hydroelectric machine was developed and used steam as a charge carrier.
  11. 1929 The Van de Graaff generator was developed at MIT and the first model was demonstrated in October.
  12. 1931 A version able to produce 1,000,000 volts was described in a patent disclosure.

See also: Electrostatic.

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Subjects: Electromagnetism