Volatile colourless heavy liquid used as an anaesthetic and solvent. It is produced by reaction of chlorine with ethanol and by the reduction of carbon tetrachloride with moist iron. It was once used as a general anesthetic in surgery but has been replaced by less toxic, safer anesthetics, such as ether. Chemically, it is employed as a solvent for fats, alkaloids, iodine, and others. It reacts to form phosgene, a poisonous gas, when exposed to sunlight.
- Also known as
- Trichloromethane, Formyl Trichloride, Methane Trichloride, Methyl Trichloride, Methenyl Trichloride
|Atomic / Molecular Weight||119.38||gmol-1||Clip|
|Specific heat capacity||960||Jkg-1K-1||Clip|
|Latent heat of evaporation||250000||Jkg-1||Clip|
|Refractive index||1.4467||at 589.3nm 101.3kPa 0°C||Clip|
|Bulk Modulus of Rigidity||1100000000||Nm-2||Clip|