Chloroform

Volatile colourless heavy liquid used as an anaesthetic and solvent. It is produced by reaction of chlorine with ethanol and by the reduction of carbon tetrachloride with moist iron. It was once used as a general anesthetic in surgery but has been replaced by less toxic, safer anesthetics, such as ether. Chemically, it is employed as a solvent for fats, alkaloids, iodine, and others. It reacts to form phosgene, a poisonous gas, when exposed to sunlight.


Symbol
CHCl3

Also known as
Trichloromethane, Formyl Trichloride, Methane Trichloride, Methyl Trichloride, Methenyl Trichloride

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Atomic / Molecular Weight 119.38 gmol-1Clip
Density 1490 kgm-3Clip
Melting Point 210 KClip
Boiling Point 334 KClip
Specific heat capacity 960 Jkg-1K-1Clip
Latent heat of evaporation 250000 Jkg-1Clip
Thermal conductivity 0.121 Wm-1K-1Clip
Refractive index 1.4467 at 589.3nm 101.3kPa 0CClip
Bulk Modulus of Rigidity 1100000000 Nm-2Clip
Surface Tension 0.0271 Nm-1Clip
Viscosity 0.000569 Nsm-2Clip
Kinematic Viscosity 3.81879194630872E-07 m2s-1Clip
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Subjects: Chemistry