Butane

An alkane hydrocarbon recovered from natural gas. Used as a low-volatility component of motor gasoline, processed further for a high-octane gasoline component, used in LPG for domestic and industrial applications and used as a raw material for petrochemical synthesis. Commonly used in compressed form for portable heaters and cookers.


Symbol
C4H10

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Atomic / Molecular Weight 58.12 gmol-1Clip
Density 2.48 (gas at 15°C, 1 atm.) 600 (liquid at 0°C 1 atm.) kgm-3Clip
Melting Point 135.4 KClip
Boiling Point 272.6 KClip
Flash Point 213 KClip
Ratio of Specific Heats 1.09 Clip
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See also: Liquefied Natural Gas, Liquefied Petroleum Gas, Methane, Propane.

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Subjects: Chemistry