# Buckling Load

- where
= force [N]*F*= length [m]*L*= second moment of area [m*I*^{4}]= Young's Modulus [m*E*^{-2}]

**Pinned-Pinned Beam**

- where
= force [N]*F*= length [m]*L*= second moment of area [m*I*^{4}]= Young's Modulus [m*E*^{-2}]

**Fixed-Fixed Beam**

- where
= force [N]*F*= length [m]*L*= second moment of area [m*I*^{4}]= Young's Modulus [m*E*^{-2}]

**Pinned-Fixed Beam**

- where
= force [N]*F*= length [m]*L*= second moment of area [m*I*^{4}]= Young's Modulus [m*E*^{-2}]

**Free-Fixed Beam**

**See also: **Buckle, Buckling, Force.

**Subjects: ** Civil Engineering Mechanical Engineering