A lighter than air craft. The Montgolfier brothers made the first flight in a hot air balloon in 1783.
- December 1782 The first balloon was launched and ascended to an altitude of 300m. The balloon was made of paper and used air heated by burning wool and moist straw.
- 19 September 1783 Pilatre De Rozier launches the first hot air balloon with a sheep, a duck and a rooster as passengers.
- 21 November 1783 The Montgolfier brothers make the first flight in a hot air balloon.
- 1785 The first balloon crossing of the English Channel by Blanchard and Jeffries.
- 1932 Auguste Piccard was the first to achieve a manned flight to the Stratosphere (52,498 feet).
- 1935 Explorer 2, a gas helium balloon reached an altitude of 72,395 feet. This was the first time a pressurised chamber had been used and proved that humans could survive in a pressurized chamber at extremely high altitudes. This was a major milestone in aviation and space development.
- 1960 Captain Joe Kittinger increased the balloon altitude record to 102,000 feet. Captain Kittinger also set the high altitude parachute jump record and during his descent broke the sound barrier.
- 1978 Double Eagle II became the first balloon (helium filled) to cross the Atlantic carrying Ben Abruzzo, Maxie Anderson and Larry Newman. This was also a new flight duration record of 137 hours.
- 1981 The Double Eagle V makes first Pacific Ocean crossing from Japan to California, USA. This was also a new distance record of 5,678 miles.
- 1987 Richard Branson and Per Lindstrand were the first to cross the Atlantic in a hot air balloon.
- 1988 Per Lindstand set the highest solo flight in a hot air balloon at 65,000 feet.
- 1991 Richard Branson and Per Lindstrand are the first to cross the Pacific in a hot air balloon a distance 6,700 miles from Japan to Canada in 47 hours.
- 1998 Steve Fosset set a world balloon distance record of 22,975 kilometres when he made the first balloon crossing of the South Atlantic and Indian oceans.
- 1999 Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones make the first around the world flight in a balloon, leaving from Switzerland and landing in Africa. The flight lasted 19 days, 21 hours and 55 minutes and broke all distance records.
- glue-it.co.uk Photographic reference material.